United Nations Space Command (UNSC) Specialties are pre-categorized, documented, and well-understood avenues of training UNSC personnel must be individually assigned to. This is a similar concept to Military Occupational Specialties or Air Force Specialty Codes, though because of the UNSC's unique mission, the UNSC Specialty system was made both more narrow in the number of specialties but more deep as far as what each specialty must be responsible for.
Officers and Enlisted alike are trained into their chosen Specialty, receiving the same training. Additional leadership training is given to Officers in place of more in-depth training given to the Enlisted. This shift is carefully planned so that while a rift in shared knowledge opens between an officer and their Enlisted training team, their ability to lead and manage an increasingly more efficient team goes up just as much.
School training schedules are all of varying length, but are typically scheduled to complete one ship's worth of crew (plus special requisitions/replacements) all at the same time. This method of scheduling has come under criticism from Fleet leadership, citing the lack of readily available crew replacements as a detriment to their mission.
General Skills Acquisition Edit
All personnel, regardless of their specialty, attend a year-long General Skills Acquisition (GSA) course. These courses are presented in a college environment, with only minimal military rules/expectations observed. The GSA is an intensive course covering the physics of atmosphere and space travel, the mathematics required for maneuvering a ship, zero-gravity operations, basic mechanical concepts, an introduction to the AI system and its use, and starship maintenance. Satisfactory completion of the course awards personnel with rank within the UNSC military organization and the right to receive Specialty training.
Engineering (ENG) Edit
The Engineering Specialty encompasses design, fabrication, maintenance, and troubleshooting ship systems, and is tightly coupled with the Maintenance Specialty. Engineers may serve as fleet engineers, designing or improving new ships and components, or as part of a ship's engineering crew, monitoring engine output and ensuring "hard" system integrity.
Security (SEC) Edit
The Security Specialty encompasses personal and ship weaponry platforms, as well as military/fleet maneuvering and wartime procedures. During peacetime, Security personnel are expected to maintain their crew's martial proficiency, monitor the ship's armory, and ensure all weapons are clean and operational.
Maintenance (MNT) Edit
The Maintenance Specialty encompasses large-scale fabrication, maintenance, repair, fortification, and destruction of ships and their components, and is tightly coupled with the Engineering Specialty. Maintainers may be stationed on ships, performing maintenance on the structure and its components, or at a dock where new ships are constructed.
Communications (COM) Edit
The Communications Specialty encompasses creation, installation, maintenance, transmission, and destruction of "soft" systems like software, files, connectivity, energy emissions, intra- and inter-ship communications, and data transfer methods. A large amount of Communications training is devoted to on-board Artificial Intelligence.
Administration (ADM) Edit
The Administration Specialty encompasses fleet-level communication tasks, data inquiries, records keeping, personnel actions, equipment and personnel acquisitions, and ship-wide inventories. All ships are required to maintain a full team of Administrative personnel, which serve as a focal point for personnel and equipment issues as well as a direct channel to fleet-level leadership.
Support (SUP) Edit
The Support Specialty encompasses a great many tasks, and is unique among the other specialties because of the wide range of personnel belonging to it. All Support personnel must learn basic understanding of Janitorial, Culinary, Loadmaster, and Personnel Support concepts, but then receive extensive specific training in a subfield. Support personnel may be assigned, as per their subfield, as Chefs, Custodians, Loadmasters, Data Entry Technicians, Safety Inspectors, and a great many others.
Specialty School Organization Edit
Each school is a unit under UNSC Training Command (UNSCT), and is given the freedom to arrange its course as its Commandant feels is best. Schools often tend to focus on one aspect of the specialty or another, driving students interested in those aspects to those schools. Basic guidelines and UNSCT-established minimal requirements are reviewed annually, during which lessons-learned are shared between Commandants.
In general, Specialty schools are equal parts military Technical School and civilian university. Recruits are expected to be in uniform, observe military custom, and attend daily physical training, but are not restrained to barracks or corralled by hostile drill instructors. Curriculum tends to focus on the resolution of tasks and simulated situations over strict knowledge-acquisition and homework. The constant element of pressure is intended to ease recruits into the execution of their ship duties, where they may not have the occasion to call in sick or turn their paper in late - the seriousness of ship life is implanted early and often.
Upon graduation of their chosen Specialty school, the member is promoted from Recruit (E-1) or Ensign (O-1) to Junior Apprentice (E-2) or Second Lieutenant (O-2).